|What is "Amerta Movement"|
Amerta Movement it is original name of specific type of work with body based on natural movement and meditation. Suprapto Suyodarmo from Indonesia, known as Prapto created this type of movement. He takes advantages from simple elements of movement like: sitting, swimming, walking and recumbent posture. He uses two forms of meditation. One of them it is so called Sumarah, based on relaxation of body, mind and emotions, undergoing to movement and intuition of body. The second it is Vipasana during which man is concentrated over thoughts, emotions and impressions flowing from his inside. This is a type of deeper and more conscious meditation.
Description of techniques
We derive philosophy of movement from simple differentiation levels of moving. There are three levels: standing position, four-footed and recumbent position.
On the first level we explore our personal space through walking, running and jumping. Staying in perpendicular we used every part of body:hands, legs, head, hips,shoulders,etc. The essence of this exercises is realisation your own movement, direction of moving, eventually the aim we are driving at (e.g. so called techniques " walking- walking")
On the second level in so called "four footed", inclined and squatted down position we experiment with our own body and its ability of movement. Because the position is untypical, most rarely used, the matter is from the one hand - to recognise limitations and - from the other hand - to break them through by experiments and games.
On the third level we move through rolling. In every position we test contact with the ground. When we move, we do not loose contact of every part of our body with the ground. Moreover there is a suggestion, that concerns bigger concentration over feelings flowing from inside of our body. It is connected with understanding this level of movement as the most regressive.
Every movement, as we know, has its own dynamics. From the statical point, immobility to the very energetic like high jumps. Such a dynamics may concern only individual movement of given person or may appear in a relationship.
Techniques of work with one person ("comfortable position")
A person does simple movements: e. g.: bending the knees, searching for comfortable position, being concentrated over feelings flowing from the inside and getting know the confines of moving ability in those three levels, mentioned above. In further part a person, who does exercises tries to spread out his or her movement abilities. That exercise takes advantages from elements of game, often-childish game. Person tries to find out in himself natural child; usually he needs a lot of time to be able to let him for such a game. All the space is at her / his disposal
Modification of these techniques is individual exercise, consisting in the person has at his/ her disposal small limited space. So the all movement takes place in a fixed area. The aim is to learn how to delimit between "me" and "the others" and to learn ability of moving in your own space.
Techniques "passive- active"
This technique is exercised in pairs. Active person has to " carve' partner's movement. Passive person passively undergoes to the active one and observes her/ his own feelings, appearing during exercise. Very important is to preserve the confines between persons. This exercise could teach creative thinking, sensitiveness and respect. When that technique is advanced, patients know its- in some moment- difference between active and passive starts to disappear.
Moreover activity- passiveness could transmit onto given parts of body- e.g. hand is active and is reaching for direction and the rest of body going "by" the hand is- in reality - passive. It gives possibility of feeling and observing parts of body in activity and in passiveness And enables us integration of passive and active in our body.
II exercises concentrated over the group
Techniques "walking- walking"
Name of this technique is connected with ways of moving. It takes place in a fixed space, determining the confines of movement’s ability. "Walking" refers to every-day activity, connected with certain aim e.g. going to work.
We recognise our own rate of moving, it could be slow or fast, less or more dynamic. "Walking - walking" is connected with awareness of movement, with getting know our own speed and time in individual way of moving, e.g.: "I’m. going in my own rate in certain direction, with possibility of its change."
"Stop" it is the moment, when the movement finishes (" being here and now") stopping in such a place and position, where I feel comfortable.
"Cross- roads" is connected with the process of making decisions. In movement it is expressed in such an exercise when we’ve got many possibilities of choice of direction, we want to go. It is a moment of realisation these possibilities, making decisions, that means - making a choice of a further way.
Person from the group shows some simple gestures .The others imitate her/him, trying to start their fantasy and associations being concentrated over impressions flowing from the inside of the body .The aim is a sensabilization to feelings of the other by training ability of empathetic contact.
Name of this techniques is connected with the shape of movement .The movements are oval, like circles. Starting a movement, we start from our body making them to the outside in order to return by the movement to the body again.
Describing it in different words it is exchange. A technique refers to femininity by this characteristic oval movement. Exercise includes the others into mutual exchange: “I take from the others, they take from me”.
There are from the one hand very simple exercises, based on basic life- functions and from the other hand very difficult, because they refer to this natural simplicity.
Moreover these exercises have their symbolic meaning, that is not only received by trainees, but is also talked over afterwards
Conclusions - own experiences
Movement reveals that about man himself knows a little. Therapist perceives where energy of body flows well ad in natural way, where are the problems whose symptoms are sudden ad miscoordinated movements or astigmatism of position and respiration. Some techniques of natural movement tend to release blocked energy and growth of abilities of getting knows expression of own movements.
If the patient is used to avoid wide gestures, connected with reaching for something, or if it is difficult to him or her, therapist may include them into the set of exercises. When the gestures become more friendly and less frightening, patient starts getting know emotions that accompany them.
Therapist has to help to patient, so as he could experience personally the movements, and also others, which aren’t imposed but inspired immediately by a trainee, so they become his/ her own form of “dance”.
Expanding the sphere of our body’s expression we could find what is hidden in us and learn to take advantages from it.
What persons touched by schizophrenia reflect, as new experience for them, during classes with Indonesian dance, is sense of making decisions? That ability felt as a kind of freedom, independence, sometimes becomes a turning point in therapeutical process.
I remember that during classes one of patients, discovered - she can, not must do anything and it is accepted. She accepted herself gaining support from group. Another experience is the possibility of choosing techniques of work with body e.g. so called - work with a subject. This subject concerns mainly relationships me - others, including relationship women- men. Examples of that subject are choice, meeting, and separation. In the way of expression by movement we could identify and reflect emotional problem that had appeared during choice of subject.
That sort of work is efficient for people with negative symptoms. Attainment to own feelings it is a success for persons touched by schizophrenia.
It seems that for persons who suffered yet because of productive symptoms, Amerta movement could be too difficult. Persons with acute symptoms is concentrated over his/her own disintegrated feelings, thoughts, and delusions. Proposal for such person to be concentrated over own body movement, feelings flowing from inside could be too burdening, enlarging fear and internal chaos.
For persons who are dominated by negative syndromes this kind of work with body could bring concrete, therapeutical effects. During three years of work with this techniques just with such patients we can draw few conclusions. Trainees could take following advantages:
It seems that return to natural movement, its simple, childish forms could be one of possible, following techniques that help totreat schizophrenia.